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   Table of Contents - Current issue
April-June 2021
Volume 9 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 49-70

Online since Monday, June 28, 2021

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Assessing the knowledge of dental practitioners on development of occlusion and eruption patterns p. 49
Jafer Salih Mohammed, Tony Antony, Ahmed Hashim, Nikitha Salim
Background: An ideal occlusion is the perfect interdigitation of the upper and lower teeth. The emergence of the primary dentition is a valuable time for the development of oral motor behavior and the acquisition of masticator skills. The clinician needs to be able to predict the influence that different treatment options will have on the occlusion and dentition when the child’s development is complete. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge among dentists treating patients about the development of occlusion and eruption patterns in children, which is helpful in orthodontic referrals. Materials and Methods: A closed-ended questionnaire comprising 15 questions based on eruption sequence, pattern, and occlusion was given to 500 dental practitioners. Data were analyzed by computing the percentage response for each question. Results: The results show that 96% were aware of the Broadbent phenomenon/ugly duckling stage. About 72% knew about the sequence of eruption of primary teeth. Conclusion: This study concludes that most of the dental practitioners treating patients are aware of the development of occlusion and eruption patterns.
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Knowledge and perception toward tobacco use among selected colleges of Jodhpur city, Rajasthan p. 52
Ajaz Ahmed Dar, Bharath K Garla, Rushabh J Dagli, Mohsin Khan, Mayank Das, Supriya Sharma
Introduction: Tobacco use in young age will have long adverse effects on overall health in later years of life. The purpose of the study was to evaluate knowledge and perception toward tobacco use among college students. Materials and Methods: It was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. The present study consisted of 145 students from five colleges from Jodhpur city. A validated, self-administered, structured questionnaire was used. Statistical analysis was done by descriptive statistics and χ2 test. Ethical clearance was obtained from the Institutional Ethics Committee. Results: Overall mean knowledge of the students regarding tobacco was 57%. They had only average knowledge about the ill-effects and de-addiction of tobacco use. Regarding attitude, majority of the students had healthy positive attitude toward tobacco use. Conclusion: There was no association between attitude and place of residence of students; also there was a positive association between level of knowledge and tobacco use.
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Patient contentment assessment: A contrivance of standard refinement p. 55
Neha Taneja, Monika G Rao, Harikesh Rao, Syeda T Tabasum, Sumit Sharma, Geetha Bhat
Background: The aim of the study is to determine the level of satisfaction after periodontal therapy (non-surgical and surgical). Materials and Methods: Questionnaires were given to patients after treatment and the responses were scored. Results: Results have implications for dental school administrators and educators in their efforts to provide high-quality patient care and to retain an adequate patient pool. Conclusion: Patient satisfaction is one of the desirable outcomes of dental care. The majority of studies carried out since the early 1980s concentrate on patient perceptions of various service quality attributes and the role that socio-demographic variables play in determining satisfaction.
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Bioceramics in endodontics: A review p. 59
Panna Mangat, Saleem Azhar, Gajendra Singh, Faizan Masarat, Nabam Yano, Sonam Sah
Endodontics is medicine’s specialized branch that deals with dental care, and it focuses on inner soft tissues. Several dental disease and injuries are associated with the compromised health of the degradation of the various parts related to the inner soft tissues. Bioceramics are materials used for healing damaged parts of the teeth and they have to be biocompatible. The term “bioceramics” may be applied to the category of biomaterials that comprise ceramic as one of its constituents. These materials were developed to have biocompatibility with human tissue, and they were meant to be widely used in the repair and replacement of the organs in the musculoskeletal system. This review is an overview of bioceramics, classification, and their advantages. It also gives a detailed insight into the individual bioceramic materials currently used in the fields of endodontics along with their properties and applications.
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Recent advances in enamel and dentin remineralization p. 63
Mohammed Shaheen, S Aswin, Arun Jacob Thomas
Dental caries is a complex, multifactorial, and transmittable infectious disease that is caused during the demineralization–remineralization process in the presence of fermentable dietary carbohydrates, saliva, and cariogenic oral flora. The chemical basis of the demineralization–remineralization process is similar for enamel, dentin. In this review, we have enlisted numerous types of remineralizing agents; remineralizing techniques have been researched, and many of them are being used clinically, with significantly predictable positive results.
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Pathological fracture of the mandible secondary to osteomyelitis: A case report p. 66
Ummar Mangalath, Sooraj Soman, Sachin Aslam, Leslie Sara Mathew Kalathil, Tom Thomas, Rakesh Nair
Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory condition of the bone. Pathological fractures associated with osteomyelitis are difficult to manage and are time-consuming, as fractures have to be treated along with the underlying disease. This article describes a case report on the pathological fracture of the mandible secondary to chronic osteomyelitis.
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