Comparative evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy of herbal v/s synthetic irrigating solutions: An in vitro study
Himani Gandhi1, Darshana Snehal Dave2, Nikita Shah3, Amitkumar Pathak4, Karishnee Rakesh Patel5, Preety Martin6
1 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences and Research Center, Bopal, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Dentistry Department, Government Medical College & Hospital, Surat, Gujarat, India
3 Krishnam Dental Clinic, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
4 Consultant Pedodontist, Delhi, India
5 Private Practitioner, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
6 Private Practitioner, Sai Krupa Hitech Dental Clinic, Surendranagar, Gujarat, India
Dr. Himani Gandhi
Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences and Research Center, Bopal, Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
The major objective in root canal treatment is to disinfect the entire root canal system. Despite adequate treatment, failure occurs due to the presence of pathogenic residual bacteria in sites within the canal. In dentistry, because of the cytotoxic reactions of most of the commercial intracanal medicaments used and their inability to eliminate bacteria from dentinal tubules, there is a quest for novel bioactive materials/ herbal alternatives that are popular, increased shelf life, and low toxicity. This study is designed to explore the antimicrobial efficacy of pomegranate, garlic, and aloe vera extracts as a root canal irrigant against Enterococcus faecalis. Out of the three medicaments used in this study to test their antimicrobial activity against Enterococcus faecalis in comparison to 0.2% Chlorhexidine, it was found that none of the medicaments had a mean zone of inhibition more than 0.2% Chlorhexidine.