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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 78-79

Prevalence of malocclusion and gingival diseases in tribal population

1 Department of Dentistry, Patliputra Medical College & Hospital (PMCH), Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India
2 Department of Periodontology & Oral Implantology, Awadh Dental College & Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
3 Department of Orthodontics, Mithila Minority Dental College & Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar, India
4 Department of Orthodontics, Brahmanad Narayana Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
5 Department of Dentistry, PHC Desari, Vaishali, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ujjwal Priyadarsi
Department of Dentistry, Patliputra Medical College & Hospital (PMCH), Dhanbad 826005, Jharkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/INJO.INJO_42_20

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Background: Jharkhand is home to many tribes, which have an interesting and varied history of origins, customs, and social practices. Oral health care in tribal areas is limited due to shortage of dental manpower, financial constraints, and the lack of perceived need for dental care among tribal masses. The main objective of this study was to find prevalence of malocclusion and gingival diseases in tribal population in Jharkhand. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional house-to-house survey was carried out among 1000 tribal children aged 5–15 years among 10 tribes of Jharkhand residing in East Singhbhum and West Singhbhum districts. Permissions and consent were obtained from local administrative authorities, ethical committee, and parents, respectively. A structured proforma was used to record demographic data. Examination for malocclusion and gingival diseases was also carried out. Descriptive tables and analytical tests such as ANOVA, post hoc, and chi-square test were employed. Results: The mean age was 10.75 (±2.43) years. The tribal children had minor malocclusion with no or slight treatment need. Categorization of orthodontic treatment need according to malocclusion severity is particularly important for the planning of corresponding public policies. Gingivitis was found among majority of children. Conclusion: The isolation of the villages and lack of transportation options impose limitations on the availability of health professionals to provide dental services.

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