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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 35-38

Assessment of dental caries prevalence among institutionalized visually impaired children in delhi state


1 Consultant Pedodontist, Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Demotand, Hazaribag, Jharkhand, India
3 College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahaman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aarti Kumari
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Jharkhand State Highway-7, Demotand, Hazaribag, Jharkhand.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/INJO.INJO_16_20

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Aim: To assess the prevalence of dental caries in visually impaired children and adults aged 6–25 years attending special schools in Delhi. Materials and Methods: A total of 1131 visually impaired individuals studying in various special care institutions in Delhi were examined. Extraoral as well as intraoral examinations were carried out and decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index and decayedextracted-filled teeth (deft) index were used. The relevant findings were entered in the proforma. Result: It was seen that of 285 students in the mixed dentition group, 77 individuals had dental caries constituting 27.02%; whereas in the other group, of 1131, 575 individuals presented with DMFT scores constituting 50.84%. On the whole, it was noted that 44.3% of the individuals were caries free in both the groups. Conclusion: The DMFT index showed a cumulative increase with age. As age advanced, the incidence increased. Dental caries prevalence was more in males as compared to females.


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