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   Table of Contents - Current issue
January-March 2020
Volume 8 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-16

Online since Friday, March 20, 2020

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Association between occupational exposure to acidic chemicals and occupational dental erosion in the workers of a battery company in Bengaluru city: A case–control study p. 1
Silpi Chatterjee, Sonia Tiwari, Sudhanshu Saxena, Aarti Kumari, Reshu Singh
Introduction: Occupational exposure to acids has been described in association with oral health, which is explained by the high irritant and corrosive acid effects that damage the enamel structure, cause inflammatory and immune reactions, and reduce the salivary pH, which can also compromise resistance to infections in oral cavity. So, this study was conducted to access the dental erosion and afford them the necessary treatment. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between occupational health behaviors and occupational dental erosion in the employees of battery company, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. Materials and Methods: A case–control study was planned among the workers of battery company in Bengaluru City. Total 362 subjects were selected for the study, among which 181 were cases and 181 were controls. The data were collected by administering a questionnaire, which included demographic data, years of experience, and oral hygiene practices. The dental erosion was assessed according to recommended diagnostic criteria of Smith and Knight Tooth Wear Index. Results: A total of 35.2% of the subjects had dental erosion in the age of 50–59 years. Comparison of dental erosion among the age-group revealed a statistically significant difference (P < 0.00). Approximately 14.5% cases and 1.75% of the controls had at least one tooth surface with dentine, which was statistically significant (P < 0.00). Conclusion: This study documents the association between deterioration of the oral health status and a hazardous workplace environment. Findings pointed to the need of establishing appropriate educational, preventive, and treatment measures coupled with efficient surveillance and environment monitoring for the detection of acid fumes in the workplace environment.
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To evaluate the fracture resistance of four core buildup materials: Amalgam, resin composite/dual cure, resin-modified glass ionomer, and SureFil packable composite restorative material under universal testing machine p. 5
Ashwini M Patil, Sudhendra Deshpande, Ratnakar P, Veerandhra Patil, Surabhi R, K Mohsin Reza
Background: The compressive strength and tensile strength of core materials are thought to be important because core usually replaces large bulk of tooth structure and should resist multidirectional masticatory forces for many years. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the suitability of packable composite as Nayyar cores in comparison with other materials such as amalgam, resin-modified glass ionomer, and dual-cure composite resin. Materials and Methods: A total of 75 freshly extracted human mandibular premolars subjected for the study were stored in distilled water for not more than 4 months before the root canal filling procedure. They were then randomly divided into five groups, each group with 15 teeth. Results: Amalgam showed higher resistance to fracture (1.82kN), and resin composite showed the least resistance to fracture (0.68kN). Resin-modified glass ionomer (0.96kN) and packable composite (0.93kN) showed almost similar fracture resistance. Conclusion: Packable composite can be used as an alternative to amalgam core and resin-modified glass ionomer.
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Prospective of denture adhesives in prosthodontics: A review p. 8
Chandrakala V, Deepmala S
Denture adhesives have been used for many years by denture wearers, although properly fitted and maintained dentures should not require the use of denture adhesives. A number of studies have been conducted to assess the effectiveness of denture adhesives, but there have been few reports in the dental literature on the number of denture wearers who use them regularly. This could be due to the dismissive attitude of a prosthodontist and mistaken belief of its limitation only to compensate deficiencies in clinical and technical measures during denture fabrication. On the contrary, denture adhesives increase chewing efficiency with more retention, reduce denture instability, and provide more satisfaction; thus increasing the confidence of the patients under proper instructions of a prosthodontist about its cautioned use.
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Lasers and implant dentistry: An update p. 11
Bharathi Poojary, Bharath Raj, Mithun Upadhya, Vinutha Kumari, Bhargavi Muralikrishna, Betsy Thomas
Lasers have various advantages as compared to the conventional techniques in the field of implant dentistry. The use of laser in any field, including implant dentistry, leads to a better clinical experience and better results as compared to the conventional implant dentistry from a patient’s perspective as well. In this article, we have made an attempt to briefly discuss the use of the lasers in the field of implant dentistry.
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Aesthetic correction of discolored fluorosed anteriors with porcelain laminate veneers: Case report p. 14
Sanju Dahiya, Monika Ahlawat, Amit Gandhi, Ambica Khetarpal, Meenakshi Gill, Neha Singhal
Restoration of smile is one of the most gratifying services, which can be rendered to a patient by a dentist. Veneer is a thin layer of tooth-colored material, which is applied to tooth surface to correct the enamel defects, intrinsic discoloration, and malaligned or malformed teeth. Porcelain laminate veneer is a conservative, minimally invasive alternative to full-coverage restoration that has evolved over the last several decades. This article presents conservative aesthetic procedure in the management of teeth affected with fluorosis using porcelain laminate veneers.
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