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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 40-43

Magnification-aided endodontic treatment of mandibular first molar with three distal canals

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, PDM Dental College and Research Institute, Jhajjar, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Neha Kapoor
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, PDM Dental College and Research Institute, Sector 3-A, Bahadurgarh, Jhajjar 124507, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/INJO.INJO_4_18

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The main goal of root canal treatment is thorough debridement of the root canal and filling it three-dimensionally. Failure to negotiate all the canals may lead to an unsuccessful treatment outcome. So it becomes necessary for the clinician to have a meticulous knowledge of aberrations in the root canal system. The majority of mandibular first molars are two rooted with one distal and two mesial canals. Variations such as three mesial and three distal root canals individually or in combination have been reported. Such variations can be quite challenging for the clinician, but with the aid of magnification, proper visualization and detection of extra root canals is possible. This case report depicts a rare occurrence of three canals in the distal root of mandibular first molar and its endodontic management with surgical loupes. An extensive understanding of the most common root canal configuration and its variations is a prerequisite to achieve long-term success of the endodontic treatment. Use of magnification such as surgical loupes aids in the visualization and detection of extra canals and increases the percentage of success of endodontic treatment.

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